Day 2 Outputs

Day 2 Open Space Session
ROUND 1
1. Boosting content on Facebook (Andrew)
  • Pages vs groups, groups can be closed and used as internal management tools.
  • Application to manage multiple pages called “Pages App” – look at analytics, boost and manage from phone
  • Once you are admin you can add other people in different roles.
  • Important to target by location and interest when promoting – tags
  • Use insights tab – what posts are popular, how boosting help.

2. Rights Link
  • Multistakeholder formal meeting every six months – with govt, community, civil soc. private sector
  • Informal NGO gatherings monthly
  • Saravan and Champasak – open to expand to Savannakhet
  • Formal meetings 30 attendees – alert the govt and community in advance so they choose who to send.
  • Perceived that govt officials only come to the photo op and hand off grievances to other ministries
  • Success in that people are in the same room, tangible progress hard to come by.

3. Open Development Cambodia

  • Beginning to take a more journalistic approach - storytelling
  • Offer info that activates different actors, no duplication in info aggregation
  • Goal is to connect law, policy, resources in one place - connects to primary docs in online database
  • Languages: English + Khmer
  • Tags in one language auto-tag in others
  • Crowdsourced translations
  • Interactive maps have layers: forest cover 1973-2013
  • mining
  • dams
  • census
  • One outcome is to enable crowdsourcing
  • Real metadata standards, platform for back users to discuss data privately

ROUND 2
Land Observatory (CDE, Michael)
  • Based on the Land Matrix, which is a global database of land concessions around the world - very far from the field
  • Land Observatory is more local and crowdsourced from volunteer users (piloted in Laos, Cambodia, Madagascar, and Peru).
  • 200 land deals have gone up in two years - can sort by sector, investor type, etc.
  • Can also be useful to analyze other local contexts (e.g. poverty index) because easy to link to other platforms.
  • Accuracy is determined in a wiki model - through discussion groups and user comments - moderated but not edited by moderators.
  • Two major problems - motivation of users and fear
-try to deal with fear by making it anonymous
-motivation is difficult and haven’t done much outreach to gain new users
-interface is rather complex which makes uploading data difficult - needs to be fixed

Regional Land Document Repository (USydney, MRLG - Natalia)
  • USydney has been contracted by MRLG to launch a regional document repository to be handed off to MRLG eventually
  • Structured around 12 themes, overall narrative is overview of land policy + law in GMS
  • Synthesis references key documents, adjusted around available literature
  • Key documents have annotated bibliographies, USydney team designates which docs are key, Narrative not neutral: focused on land tenure from indigenous womens’ perspectives

Ludovic question: How do you reconcile selectivity of academic knowledge with crowdsourcing?
Christian: the goal is not general crowdsourcing

MVictor: a good direction in the longer term would be to publish short, punchy blog-format lit reviews promoting the repository. WLE has seen success with this on AgEco blog. Could develop into a self-sufficient content-promotion platform for the repository

SERVIR Mekong
global program - Mekong one of four nodes, remote sensing and geospatial data
$8 million/ 5 years - run by ADPC after project
$ from climate change mitigation and adaptation funding, low emissions land use planning etc. - ½ of budget is building data streams - pubilc and open space. Need to know - who is decision maker, and what tools do they need
ex: SERVIR using NDVI and light pollution to monitor expansion of cities
FAO already doing flood and drought prediction in Lao. GIS based decision tool for govt and community
Asked group how spatial data could help - responses:
  • Google maps in the region are out of date and low resolution - access to high resolution and current info is helpful .
  • Should be possible to model loss of paddy land from dams using height and dam location - shape files of inundation for the future - no resettlement land available so will be a big big issue.
  • How will dams impact riverbank agriculture - erosion and sediment have a huge impact on livelihood through riverbank farms
  • ADPC has a data portal but cannot release it - how will SERVIR get info out? USAID committed to open data and regional general information availability
  • Classification LCCS and land use needs to be standardized
  • Illegal logging - up to date satellite info.

Summary/sense-making fishbowl
We need a regional platform - but a new one or build on one that already exists?
-what kind?
-how do you start local and build it up?

Difficult, but it should be multisectoral, build as you go

Platforms have to be about individuals, conversations, relationships

A platform should support existing networks

A new idea: combining existing networks and tools

In Vietnam, it’s already difficult to get reform actors together/on board at a national level, so a regional one is maybe even more difficult, but potentially valuable

Starting at the local level and engage in collective action might be a way forward

The Champions group had some good ideas about how to select champions and provide gap funding

The regional group talked about connecting countries by using existing platforms
-building on them by using storytelling to further the data, start issuing report cards for countries, organize fora, develop media strategies

This workshop reinforced the power of face to face meetings, even though it’s pragmatically difficult to get people to come from other countries - it’s still important!

Funding flexibility, as identified by the champions/farmers group, is a good way to nurture things that work and already happening, even to expand them

The concept of emergence was a useful one to think about in this process
To go along with this, think this meeting could be a good example of both emergence and convergence - we will go away after this F2F meeting, let our ideas percolate, and then converge again to make things happen

We should continue to have these conversations, at least in Laos, over coffee or beer

Private sector engagement is important, not just farmers and government

Takes a long time to build any relationship, but especially with the political elite

Sustainability of a platform is also important, so we don’t need funding from SDC forever

Elephant in the room is why is SDC holding this meeting if MRLG is already working at a regional level on a platform? They will do great things
However, there is a gap in SDC’s funding mechanisms - great at long term funding, but not great at small grants - maybe that’s lacking
We need someone to reduce the hoops that exist to get funding - risks are important - maybe SDC can outsource their risks

Maybe no big ideas yet - good ideas, but not really new/blow me away
Added benefit to having a regional level platform is ...somewhat problematic
Uganda example - land titles funded by banks, everyone benefits and there are incentives for both sides
How can we include private sector in this way? that would be a big idea
We don’t have the private sector here at this meeting but we need to work with them since this issue also affects them

Maybe we can have a competition to come up with a big idea after this meeting

Maybe we don’t need a new idea or new regional platform

In the expansion of public space, small things can add up to big results

What about including lawyers in the convo?
They know the risks with land acquisition, both legal and illegal
They operate in an uncomfortable space, since tenure uncertainty is their problem too
This might make them willing to talk with us

Farmer/Champions group had a big idea: having farmer issue a statement to ASEAN
-one thing that people could organize behind

Regional element is interesting, even though it’s difficult to do
Example from hydropower - Thailand is basically exporting its environmental and social externalities
Targeting private sector to take them to task about this is one way to have a regional impact

Valuable to meet other practitioners - learn from each other
We need to move forward on the mapping of platforms and have ACTION on this topic

In many ways, this is already a community of practice
-identify good practice
-look at opportunities for collaboration
-SDC could definitely support this process

Increasing capacity of what we already have and increasing access to our networks is important

Supporting champions requires us to understand their motivations - not always about money as incentives - think about different kinds of support, not micromanaging, don’t make them write proposals and compete for funding, find a balance
Small grants, leverage relationships

Tropical Agriculture Platform from FAO is an example of something that was painful to put together, a drawn out - moving forward but the lesson we learned was that we need beneficiaries and target audiences in the room
Have to go out and get proof of concept, simplification is probably also useful

It’s a complex issue so we need to look for common ground - ASEAN? Maybe not…
Hope we can continue to analyze this more in the future - valuable!